Erythrura Pealii


Common Names: Manila Parrot FinchPeales Parrot Finch Pair

(Click on the pictures to the right to see larger images)


Recently much confusion exists in regards to the relationship between Peales, Samoa , and Royal parrot finches. Many authorities regard all three forms a subs-species of one. Other choose to separate only one while leaving out the other two together. With the data gathered from different sources I have chosen to describe these three parrot finches as separate species.

Geographic Distribution: Click to see a larger map.

The Peales Parrot Finch is restricted to islands of the Fijian Archipelago (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu).

Native Habitat: 

The Peales Parrot Finches are found in plantations, gardens, forest clearings and on the edge of forested areas. These birds are usually seen in pairs or small flocks of 4-8 birds. Larger flocks of 30+ birds gather in rice plantations to feed.

Description: Click for a larger view.

Length: 4  inches (12 cm). 

Male: Bright red face mask. The throat is black with  blue extending towards the upper breast. Green color plumage on nape and back. Red rump and tail. Black beak with dark flesh colored legs. Eyes are dark brown.

Female: The Females overall plumage is less vivid and the blue coloration on the breast is less extensive.

Avicultural Notes: Peales Chick Developement

My Peales parrot finches are fed a varied diet, with the principal component being a good seed mix. The birds in my collection are particularly fond of oranges and apples. Cucumbers are offered along with the usual egg food mix, soaked seeds and spay millets. This species can be bred in either cabinet style cages or aviaries. I have obtained good results breeding one pair per enclosure. I usually offer two nest boxes one at each end of the cage. The material for nest construction used is coconut fiber. These birds like to use a lot of nesting material. The cock bird seems to do much of the work. Once nest construction is completed the first egg can be expected shortly.

Juveniles have a yellow bill with dusty light blue plumage on the throat and cheeks. Adult plumage will be attained between 4-6 months. Birds can be set-up for breeding once they are 12 months old. The Peales parrot finch is not a difficult species to breed and can even rear their own young with no problems. If you are just starting with this species you can foster the eggs to Bengalese and increase your numbers before attempting to parent rear. Always try and acquire the most diverse group of birds possible to begin your breeding program. I encourage breeders of this species to come in contact with each other and diversify bloodlines of this parrot finch that is becoming quite difficult to attain.


Blue/black headed: In this mutation the red color of the head is replaced with a dark blue/black. It has been noted that this coloration is more prevalent on females, and it is naturally occurring color in the wild.

Is the Peales Parrot Finch (Erythrura Pealii) among the world threatened species? Click Here

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